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Atrovent is a broncholytic drug causing an inhibition of reflex bronchoconstriction. The active components of the drug prevent the bronchial spasms appearing as a result of the irritation of the smooth muscles of bronchi appeared as a result of the inhalation of cigarette smoke, cool air, and effect of various medicines.
Atrovent reduces secretion of the glands of the mucous coat of the nose and bronchial glands. This reduces the additional irritants which may cause cough, or tension of the muscles of the bronchi.
Despite the high therapeutic activity the length of the action is rather small, 6-8 hours. That is why patients are recommended to have this drug by one and take it several times a day. The bronchodilating effect develops in 5-15 minutes, and reaches its peak in already 1-1,5 hours.
Directions for the use:
- bronchial asthma (light and middle level of the severity)
- bronchial spasms during surgeries
- chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
- emphysema of the lungs
The dosage and frequency of the inhalations of Atrovent depend on the type of the disease, severity of the disease and peculiarities of the clinical image of the patient.
- Adults and children older than 12 years old are prescribed 0,4-0,6 mg (2-3 doses) 3-4 times per day to prevent failures during chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and bronchial asthma.
- It is possible to have additional 2-3 inhalations during the treatment and weakening of the relapses.
In order to use the pre-dosed aerosol it is necessary to remove the protective cap and then make a deep and long exhalation, and then take the tank and embrace the tip with your lips (the tank must be directed upside down) and take a maximally deep breath. At the same time it is necessary to quickly push the bottom of the tank to release one inhalation dose. Hold your breath for a couple of seconds and then take out the tip from the mouth and slowly breathe out. To get the second dose the procedure must be repeated.
- Atrovent is contraindicated for the use in case of the increased sensitivity to atropine and its derivatives, pregnancy, children under 6 years old, and closed-angle glaucoma.
- The drug is not recommended for the special arrest of asthma because the pharmacological action develops against the background of the long-term use.
- In case of the appearance of any symptoms of the attack of the closed-angle glaucoma it is necessary to prescribe drops causing the narrowing of the pupil and go to ophthalmologist right away.
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