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Chloroquine is an antimalarial remedy which destroys all types of plasmodium (class of protozoa). This drug has an effective action and today it is often prescribed by the doctors for the treatment of malaria.
The drug provides an immunosuppressive, antiarrhythmic, antiprotozoal and anti-inflammatory action. It slows down DNA synthesis and causes death of Entamoeba histolica and other parasites which release a lot of toxins and infect the human body.
Chloroquine is used for the individual prevention and treatment of all types of malaria, and extrarectal amebiasis. Due to its anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive properties it can be used for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, lupus erythematosus, Sarcoidosis, Glomerulonephritis, photodermatosis, and porphyria cutanea tarda.
The pharmacological action occurs almost at once after the beginning of the drug usage. However to destroy parasites completely a systemic prolonged course of the treatment is needed.
A detection of the type of parasite and its sensitivity to the action of Chloroquine is a primary task before the beginning of the treatment. A patient should have all needed analyses in order to find out a severity of the disease and optimal treatment.
The dosage of the drug also directly depends on the type of the disease and its severity.
- by malaria patients are prescribed the following course of the drug usage: 1 day – 1 g once, in 6-7 hours – 0.5g; on 2 and 3 days of the treatment – 0.75 g
- to prevent malaria – 0.5 g 2 times in the first week, and then once at the same day of the week
- the tablets should be taken once per day according to your individual scheme of the treatment prescribed by your doctor
- the use of Chloroquine during pregnancy is possible only if the supposed benefit for mother exceeds a potential risk for fetus
- if it is necessary to take the drug during lactation, a woman should stop breast-feeding
- the drug is contraindicated by allergy to the components included in the medication, disorder of vision, keratopathy, and retinopathy
- during the treatment it is necessary to have ophthalmologic examination, and general analysis of the blood
- inform your doctor about usage of any drug without prescription. Maybe they interact with Chloroquine and their combination is prohibited.
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