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Gentamicin is an antibacterial medication which is widely used for the treatment of the different infectious diseases sensitive to this medication. This antibiotic belongs to the medical group of aminoglycoside and has a broad-spectrum pharmacological action.
Often, this drug is prescribed for the treatment of the infectious diseases of the upper and lower respiratory tracts such as bronchitis, and pneumonia. It is often used for the treatment of the infections in childrenís medical practice.
Gentamicin is also manifested faster and stronger during the treatment of pyelonephritis, cystitis, gonorrhea, prostatitis, severe forms of sepsis, infections of skin and soft tissues, central nervous system and also meningitis.
The pharmacological action of the antibiotic is conditioned by the penetration of the active components of the drug through the cell membrane of bacterium and inhibition of the protein synthesis of the causative agent of the infection. This antibacterial drug destroys the pathogenic microorganisms from inside, and thus it provides a fast effect.
The treatment by the antibiotic Gentamicin is prescribed only under the supervision of the doctor, individually for every patient depending on the severity of the disease, site of the infection in the body, resistance of the virus caused disease.
- for intravenous or intramuscular injections adults are prescribed a single dose of 1-1.7 mg/kg of the patientís weight
- the daily dose is 3-5 mg/kg of the patientís dose (2-4 injections)
- the length of the treatment of the infections of the middle severity is 7-10 days
- children over 2 years are prescribed the dose of 3-5 mg/kg of the weight
- during the treatment of the skin infections Gentamicin cream is applied to the affected areas of the skin 3-4 times
- when the symptoms of the disease disappear, the treatment should go on for at least 2 days
- Gentamicin is contraindicated in case of the high sensitivity to the drugs of aminoglycoside group, or to the active components of the antibiotic
- The drug must be taken carefully in case of neuritis, myasthenia, Parkinson's disease
- During pregnancy and breast-feeding it is strictly prohibited to take Gentamicin as the active components affect fetus
- In case of the hepatic/renal failure the adjustment of the dose is needed
- The side effects of Gentamicin are not expressed brightly and appear only in case of the individual intolerance of the drug components
- If any side effects appear, it is recommended to consult a health care provider. Perhaps, you will need the reduction of the daily dose.
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