Rheumatic Heart Disease: Symptoms & Treatment
Unfortunately, despite the wide array of technological advances in medicine, heart problems are still a hallmark of modern society, which is characterized by a sedentary lifestyle, passion addictions, promiscuity and unhealthy diet. Moreover, the causes of heart diseases can be caused thorax injuries, hereditary factors, syphilis, vascular sclerosis and other diseases. If we talk about the most common problems of the cardiovascular system, then, first of all, is to provide rheumatic heart disease, the treatment of which increasingly requires young people.
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Rheumatic heart disease is referred to an inflammatory process, which is accompanied by rheumatism. Thus, there is a disruption of the connective tissue, the formation of rheumatic nodules, their subsequent scarring and development cardiosclerosis. Note that the inflammation has no clear localization, and in some cases, it captures all of the organís shell. Fortunately, modern medicine with its effective diagnostic techniques rarely brings the state of affairs to this sad outcome. Typically, the disease can be detected in time when it is concentrated in one of the sections. If a diagnosis of rheumatic heart disease symptoms indicate the affected muscles body, the doctors say about the myocardium. An impact on the inner shell is called the endocardium. Well, if the inflammatory process affects the outer shell, this defect is called the pericardium.
Rheumatic heart disease - symptoms and clinical picture
On examination at a specialized clinic patients are identified: expanding the boundaries of the heart, blood composition changes, the appearance of noise in the body and its muted tones. The emergence of symptoms of heart failure is quite possible. Additionally, rheumatic heart diseases manifestations can be:
- pain in the chest;
- irregular heart activity;
- general weakness;
- frequent shortness of breath;
- pale skin;
- fatigue even the most minor physical exertion.
Depending on the severity of inflammation, doctors distinguish focal inflammatory and rheumatic heart disease. The first is characterized by mild symptoms of heart failure and increase the size of the body in the absence of adequate treatment. Valves at particular risk because they are most exposed to inflammatory reactions. If diagnosed diffuse rheumatic heart disease symptoms are expressed more strongly and are characterized by large manifestations of heart failure that affects the choice of treatment methods.
Rheumatic heart disease - treatment of the disease
The main purpose of medical procedures is to reduce the severity of inflammation, eliminate manifestations of heart failure and recover cardiovascular system to its normal functioning. If the patient has an acute form of a rheumatic heart disease, bed rest regime is prescribed. For this reason, patients are usually hospitalized in specialized departments, because in the hospital conditions is much easier to track the status of the changes and carry out emergency measures during acute inflammation.
The basis of treatment of rheumatism of the heart is a complex treatment with the mandatory use of antibiotics and anti-inflammatory remedies. As a rule, patients are prescribed penicillin, erythromycin and glucocorticosteroids (the forms may vary). When running complex forms of rheumatism heart treatment is based on the gamma globulin receiving drugs and antisense drugs. Additionally, throughout the course of anti-inflammatory therapy, the patient takes vitamin supplements, including ascorbic acid. The optimal dose of glucocorticoids is selected with an eye on the severity of disease and the severity of the changes. As a rule, patients take prednisone in the amount of 15-25 mg/day, with the bulk of the drug should be administered during the morning hours. If the patient is diagnosed protracted rheumatic heart disease, the treatment is based on the administration of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, which are combined with glucocorticoids and basic drugs (chloroquine, Plaquenil, benzylpenicillin and etc.).
A major role in getting rid of rheumatic heart is allocated to sanatorium treatment. Fresh air, mineral water, mud treatment and a healthy, quiet lifestyle give a great effect and hasteless lifestyle contribute to the rapid recovery of people, even after the most protracted and difficult treatment. Additionally, multi-zone air-conditioning systems may also come to the rescue.
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