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Risperdal is the brand name for the generic drug Risperidone. Risperdal is used in the treatment of conditions like schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. It is also used to treat irritability in the autistic children. Risperdal is available in the form of tablets, oral solution and orally disintegrating tablets. The Risperdal tablets are available in strengths of 0.25 mg, 0.5 mg, 1 mg, 2 mg, 3 mg, and 4 mg. The oral solution is available as 1 mg/mL solution. The orally disintegrating tablets of Risperdal are available in strengths of 0.5 mg, 1 mg, 2 mg, 3 mg, and 4 mg. The Risperdal tablets are available in blister packs and bottles. The 0.25 mg, 0.5 mg and 4 mg tablets are available in blister packs of 100 while the 1 mg, 2 mg, and 3 mg tablets are available in bottles of 500. The oral solution comes in 30 mL bottle with a calibrated pipette. The orally disintegrating tablets of strengths 0.5 mg, 1 mg, and 2 mg come in 7 blister packages per box while the 3 mg and 4 mg tablets comes in 28 blisters per box.
For treating Schizophrenia in adults the recommended initial dosage is 2 mg per day and this dosage can be increased in 1 or 2 mg per day depending on the response of the patient. In the case of maintenance therapy the recommended dosage might be 2 to 8 mg per day. In case of adolescents the recommended initial dosage is 0.5 mg per day with an increment ranging from 0.5 to 1 mg per day depending on the response of the patient. For dosages for patients who have discontinued the medication they have to consult their doctor.
For treating bipolar mania in adults the recommended dosage is 2 to 3 mg per day and dosage increments or decrements can be made up to 1 mg per day. In children the initial recommended dosage is 0.5 mg with increments or decrements in 0.5 mg or 1 mg per day.
For treating irritability in autistic children the initial dosage of 0.25 mg per day for children below 20 kg of weight and 0.5 mg per day for children above 20 kg of weight is recommended. This dosage should be maintained for 2 weeks before any increment or decrement in 0.25 mg or 0.5 mg is done.
Patients with psychotic conditions like dementia should not use Risperdal. Dosage adjustments might be needed for patients who suffer from liver disease, heart disease, heart attack, epilepsy, diabetes, lower WBC counts, breast cancer, and Parkinson's disease. The blood sugar levels might shoot up if you take Risperdal. Hence consult your doctor if you are already having hyperglycemia.
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