What is Triamterene?
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Triamterene is a drug that contains special sodium-inhibiting and potassium-sparing properties. The drug is packaged under different brand names and is available only with your doctor's prescription.
Due to its diuretic aspects, Triamterene is utilized in the treatment of a wide range of blood circulatory and excretory system problems among them edema, liver cirrhosis and nephritic syndrome, kidney failure, heart failure and some other conditions.
Triamterene is commonly prepared with another substance- hydrochlorothiazide- in the treatment of high blood pressure and edema, and a combination of other 'water pills' in the treatment of kidney failure.
Special Triamterene Recommendations
The usual Triamterene dose is two pills (one pill in the morning and another one in the afternoon amounting to about 200 milligrams a day for adults) however; your doctor may choose to make special recommendations to fit your condition. Triamterene should be taken after meals with a full glass of water.
Make sure to adhere to your doctor's advice to the letter. Do not make the mistake of taking larger amounts of Triamterene medication than proposed by your doctor. Taking Triamterene long after the appointed period of consumption is also highly discouraged.
In special cases- such as during surgeries- you may be required to temporarily stop using Triamterene. Remember to inform the surgeon ahead of time to allow for necessary measures to be put in place.
Triamterene is highly sensitive to the nature of its surrounding. Therefore, you should take lots of care while storing and using it. To keep it intact, store the package away from any direct sources of light, heat and/or moisture. Keep Triamterene away from children but not in a freezer.
What if I miss a Triamterene dose?
In case you miss a dose, you should take it within the shortest length of time possible. However, if two Triamterene doses overlap, do not take double doses- skip the missed intake and continue with your normal schedule.
Are there any special precautions for taking Triamterene?
Before using Triamterene, it is highly recommended that you tell your doctor if you have previously been diagnosed with diabetes, liver or any kidney related ailments. It is also essential that you make them aware if you are using any other types of diuretics.
Triamterene and alcohol do not mix. On that note, you should steer clear from alcoholic beverage as a basic health safety measure. You should also avoid high sodium foods as they tend to reduce Triamterene's effectiveness. As a precaution to keep your body sodium levels low, stick to low sodium foods such as lime juice, whole grains, lettuce, peppers, tomatoes, sweet corn and onions.
While taking Triamterene, you should take great caution not to lose too much water from your body through dehydration. Avoid long-lived and strenuous workouts and don't expose your body to direct sunlight for too long.
Triamterene Side Effects
Due to some of its strong medicinal and chemical properties, the drug may lead to a series of side effects. Some commonly noted Triamterene downsides include:
Tremors, confusion, stomach pain, nausea, dark urine, jaundice, clay-colored stool, shallow breathing, inconsistent heartbeat, numbness and muscle pain.
In extreme cases, continued usage of Triamterene may lead to severe bodily conditions such as diarrhea, skin rash and migraines. At times you may even spot swellings on the lips, face, tongues or throat.
If you have any of the above mentioned (extreme) side effects, you should seek for emergency medical assistance.
Drugs not to combine with Triamterene
You may not be able to utilize Triamterene if you are under the following categories of drugs:
-Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) e.g aspirin
-ACE inhibitors e.g benazepril
-Oral diabetes medication and insulin
Your doctor may make special dosage alterations to help your body cope with the effect of Triamterene if you are under any of the aforementioned drugs. Also, let your doctor know if you use any of the following:
*Any type of ever-the-counter medication
*Vitamin and/or minerals supplements
Do not under any situation alter the recommended Triamterene dosage or start using new medication without informing your doctor. Also, proper care should be taken while disposing any expired or unusable drugs.
In summary, Triamterene is a very useful medical drug in the treatment of various life-threatening diseases. To reap the most from its effectiveness, you must make sure to apply the information outlined in this article in addition to your pharmacist's (or physician's) advice. Remember, your doctor's advice is always superior!
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